, Cereal grains can be sown with vetch so it can use their stronger stems for support, attaching via tendrils.FAO Animal Feed Resources When grown with oats or other grasses, the vetch can grow upright; otherwise its weak stems may sprawl along the ground.FAO Crop Profile Several cultivars are available for agricultural use,Template:Cite book and as for some other legume crops, rhizobia can be added to the seed., Pests that attack this crop include the powdery mildew fungus Erysiphe pisi, the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum, the corn earworm (Heliothis zea), the fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), and spider mites of genus Tetranychus., During the early 20th century, a mutant of the common vetch arose with lens-shaped seeds resembling those of the lentil, leading to vetch invasions of lentil fields. On acid soils, which have high P-fixation capacity (Sanchez and Uehara, 1980) ground rock phosphate could be a better choice for meeting P requirement of rice (Mathur et al., 1979; Rajan et al., 1996), especially in association with phosphate solubilizing bacteria (Sharma et al., 2010). Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) is a leguminous plant used as forage and cover crops.A protocol of ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS)‐induced mutations was established in the present study, based on analysis of seed germination and emergence rate, seedling growth and abnormal plant percentage as affected by combinations of EMS concentration and treatment time. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. What are synonyms for Common Vetch? Wildflowers; Statistics Height: up to 75cm. It belongs in the legume family, Leguminosae (also known as Fabaceae), and, like many other legumes, it has the ability to fix nitrogen from the air due to a symbiotic relationship with bacteria housed in root nodules. EPPO Code: VICSA ; Preferred name: Vicia sativa ; Authority: Linnaeus ; Notes. Despite these agronomical benefits, many drawbacks, including cyano-alanine toxin, has reduced the agronomic value of vetch varieties. Effect of pea cultivars and weed control on weed growth and yield of peas. It is also well known that the consociation of fruit trees with graminaceous can produce positive effect on the prevention of lime-induced Fe-deficiency symptoms (Zuo and Zhang, 2011). CAS no. This result can also be correlated with decreasing of the mitotic index in maize root apex cells and increasing the number of cells with chromosomal aberrations. Figure 1.2. Els J.M. Cell proliferation and growth is, even today, one of the most important issues related to the growth and differentiation of both normal and pathological tissues. The effects of raw and physical processed common vetch seed (Vicia sativa) on laying performance, egg quality, metabolic parameters and liver histopatology of laying hens Cover crops can be established by either natural or selected species. The highest amounts were found in the species stenophylla Velen (5.2 g/kg), V. disperma DC (3.2–5.1 g/kg), V. villosa Roth (2.5–7.8 g/kg), and V. benghalensis L. (1.9–3.4 g/kg) (Enneking, 1994). CL seeds (from lowermost node) from low, medium and high levels of nutrients at Midland Beach germinated to 0, 3 and 12%, respectively, and those from South Beach to 11, 50 and 49%, respectively. Persistence. (incl. 1 synonym for Vicia sativa: spring vetch. 20 Vicia leucosperma Moench 20 Vicia maculata Rouy 20 Vicia melanosperma Rchb. Cover crops can be sowed in the fall, late winter, or early spring (according to the temperature required) and tilled into the soil in spring or early summer, usually few days before full bloom. The positive effect of lignin on the next generation of plants can be explained genetically. sativa has decreased accordingly. In another polygenic disease, the black sigatoka disease of banana caused by the fungus Mycosphaerella fijiensis, plant defenses included an activation of phenylalanine ammonia lyase and a subsequent accumulation of phenolic compounds. A protocol of ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS)‐induced mutations was established in the present study, based on analysis of seed germination and emergence rate, seedling growth and abnormal plant percentage as affected by combinations of EMS concentration and treatment time. (2017) demonstrated that the hypertolerance feature of S. alfredii is due to its efficient performance concerning the root-to-shoot translocation of soil contaminants, and suggested that it may be mediated by high Cd signal in the vascular tissue of young stems. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Wheat tends to be grown in the more favorable rainfall areas (> 350 mm), where it is cultivated in rotation with fallow, or a range of food legumes, such as chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), lentil (Lens culinaris L.), faba bean (Vicia faba L.), and forage legumes, such as vetch (Vicia sativa L.), peas (Pisum sativum L.), or medic (Medicago spp. segetalis flower, vergeten wikke bloem.jpg 2,448 × 3,264; 1.07 MB Vicia sativa.JPG 735 × 841; 181 KB Vicia sativa2010.JPG 891 × 951; 378 KB Common vetch ( Vicia sativa ) is a multi-purpose legume widely used in pasture and crop rotation systems. Scientific name: Vicia sativa. Synonyms for Common Vetch in Free Thesaurus. Since seeds from CL and CH flowers are produced under different environmental conditions and/or at different positions on the mother plant and are inbred (CL) vs. outbred or inbred/outbred (CH), i.e., mixed mating system, it is reasonable to expect them to differ in their germination responses. Increased pressure on land use has renewed emphasis on rotations and cropping options to cope with such changes (Ryan et al., 2008), as well as on maintaining soil quality. Vicia cuneata Gren. Thus, the profile of the RAPD electropherogram appears more intense than the control. The plant is self-fertile. The pea-like flowers occur in the leaf axils, solitary or in pairs. Two Vicia sativa L. varieties difference in Cd tolerance, Lanjian 3 # (L3, Cd-tolerant) and Zhangye Mawan (ZM, Cd-sensitive), were used in this study. Tropicos.org 2020. [20], they concluded that spruce bark aqueous extract (130 mg GAE/L concentration) and hemp shives aqueous extract (164 mg GAE/L concentration) increase the frequency of cells in mitosis compared with a control. Paolo Annicchiarico, ... Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen, in, Phenolic Natural Compounds and Their Influence on Physiological Processes in Plants, Corneliu TanaseOana-Crina BujorValentin I. Popa, in, Variation in Seed Dormancy and Germination within and between Individuals and Populations of a Species. CH and CL seeds of Microlaena polynoda removed from spikelets germinated equally well at constant temperatures of 25–30°C (Schoen, 1984). [20], following analysis of DNA damage by RAPD, it was observed that the profiles obtained were modified. Other uses of Winter Tares: A very valuable green manure crop, it can be sown in spring or as late as October. Vicia cuneata Gren. sativa) is widely cultivated and naturalised throughout the world and its exact native range obscure. Probably assists in splicing its own and other chloroplast group II introns. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Subterranean seeds of C. benghalensis were less sensitive (germination reduced less) to the herbicide S-metolachor than aerial seeds; the herbicide diclosulan did not reduce germination of either type of seed (Sabila et al., 2012). Transgenic plants produced an enzyme that inactivates tryptophan, a precursor of phenolics and lignin. The vetch (Vicia sativa) is one of the most important annual forage legumes globally due to its multiple uses and high nutritional content. Lignin does not induce a mutagenic effect on the species of P. vulgaris, V. sativa, V. villosa, and P. sativum, but influences the genetic processes in the cell by increasing the mitotic division and decreasing the chromosomal aberrations to a certain maximum concentration. The seeds contained 0.69 μmol vicianin/g and 0.16 μmol prunasin/g. ZM was a domestic variety in Zhangye region, Gansu Province, China. Various studies have reported the induction of PCs in response to Cd in many plant species, including freshwater green algae (Scenedesmus vacuolatus, Le Faucheur et al., 2005), marine diatom (Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii, Wang and Wang, 2011), tobacco cell cultures (Nicotiana tabacum, Zitka et al., 2011a, 2011b), rice (Oryza sativa, Nocito et al., 2011), flax (Linum usitatissimum, Najmanova et al., 2012), mouse-ear cress (A. thaliana, Gielen et al., 2017), and garden vetch (Vicia sativa, Zhang et al., 2018). Although some of the common phenolics may each reach concentrations that could be toxic to the pathogen, it should be noted that several of them appear concurrently in the same diseased tissue, and it is possible that the combined effect of all fungitoxic phenolics present, rather than that of each one separately, is responsible for the inhibition of infection in resistant varieties. Vicia sativa subsp. If cover crops are mowed later in the season, the relative C:N ratio of the biomass increases. Soluble and wall-bound phenolics increased after wounding and even more following treatment with the elicitor, but the increase was smaller in the transgenic tubers (dark bars) than in the normal tubers. Low temperatures, along with frost and snow, limit growth in high-elevation areas. On the other hand, Szalai et al. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). pilosa (M.Bieb.) 20 Vicia nemoralis Boreau 20 Vicia notota Gilib. In recent years, there has been an increase in “niche” crops such as cumin (Cumin sativum L.), coriander (Coriander sativum L.), and camilina or false flax (Camilina sativa L. Crantz). Category. Calyx actinomorphic or nearly so, the lower lobes scarcely longer than the upper lobes; peduncle and inflorescence axis undeveloped, the inflorescence with 1 or 2 (–3) flowers [Fig. Vicia cornigera St.-Amans Vicia cosentini Guss. Function i. Format. Due to the presence of antinutritional factors, seeds may be used only in small amounts in the diets of monogastric species (including humans). Schematic diagram of representative agroecological conditions in the Mediterranean region. This assertion is supported by amplified electrophoreses by RAPD, where the profile is poorly represented compared with the control, highlighting the influence of polyphenolic extracts on DNA extracted from maize root apex cells. Vicia sativa L. North Africa Family Fabaceae Genus Vicia L. Species Vicia sativa L. Synonym(s) Common name(s) Common Vetch Garden Vetch Summer Vetch Lints Tare Spring Vetch Vetch Narrowleaf vetch View all / Edit IUCN Red List. This subspecies, which was recorded in the wild by 1660, was formerly much grown for fodder, and it was then regularly recorded as a casual. nigra L. Vicia sativa subsp. Temporary cover crops are 1-year-cycle crops, cultivated during orchard lifetime with the aim of, along with the increase of soil OM, trapping nutrients, reducing NO3−-N and other nutrient leaching, limiting nutrient run off and soil erosion, improving soil structure and aeration, and reducing nematode infestations. Suitable for use as a green manure. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Overview → Pests; Pathways; Overview . Introduction of a summer green manure or a dual purpose legume has been suggested as a way to make rice–wheat (Triticum aestivum), a cereal–cereal rotation in the IGPs more sustainable and less dependent on fertilizer nitrogen (Prasad, 2005; Sharma and Prasad, 1999; Sharma et al., 2000). Outside the dryland range in the arid (< 200 mm) regions are deserts, rangelands, and irrigated areas. A nitrogen-fixing, perennial, leguminous climbing plant that grows in hedgerows, grasslands, the edges of woodland, roadsides and rough ground. Vicia sativa grains may contain HCN , either free or in the form of cyanogenic glycosides. Cover crops can be established by either natural or selected species. Vicia sativa is a sprawling annual herb, with hollow, four-sided, hairless to sparsely hairy stems which can reach two meters in maximum length. An annual species, normally dying away after flowering. 20 Vicia pallida Baker 21, 24 Vicia pimpinelloides Mauri 20 Vicia sativa L. subsp. Vicia segetalis Thuill. ), chick pea (Cicer arietinum L.), lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) Although considered a weed when found growing in a cultivated grainfield, this hardy plant is often grown as green manure or livestock fodder . It appears that the subterranean CL seeds are water-permeable and nondormant, while many of the aerial CL and CH seeds have impermeable seed coats (physical dormancy). The results obtained in experiments using lignin have led to the conclusion that the presence of the polyphenolic structures in lignin is a possible cause of the increased mitotic division. Accessed Dec 05 2020. is widespread over much of Europe, western Asia and North Africa as a native plant and, due to its frequent cultivation for green manure and fodder, it has become naturalized over an even wider area of the northern hemisphere. LER > 1 have also been observed for warm-season grain legumes (cowpea, soybean, pigeonpea and groundnut) intercropped with maize (Zea mays L.) or sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.] These include melon (Citrullus vulgaris L.), sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), maize (Zea mays), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), sesame, and a variety of vegetables. In Japan, large aerial seeds of C. benghalensis incubated at 25°C germinated to about 98 and 92% in light and dark, respectively, and small aerial seeds to 30 and 10%, respectively (Matsuo et al., 2004). In a study by Ressler et al. Vicia erythosperma Rchb. Zhang et al. Most species of the Brassicaceae family (i.e., B. napus, B. nigra, B. alba, etc.) CH and CL seeds of V. pubescens have comparable masses, and Culley (2002) found no differences in germination percentages. The lignin compounds induce the stimulation of the cell division rate in embryonic peaks, compared with the control sample, to a certain concentration after which a drastic decrease of the values recorded for this parameter occurs. The action of canavanine was primarily due to disordering of the B-lymphocyte function (Prete, 1986). Due to different cropping managements, whether intercropped crops can yield higher than mono-cropped oat was not consistent in previous studies. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Uses. The record derives from ILDIS (data supplied on 2010-07-14 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 7851 [ mirror ]). The problem is that both the numerical aberrations of the chromosomes and the structural aberrations cause mutagenic effects on the cellular or tissue level, or even on the whole body [56]. Although considered a weed when found growing in a cultivated grainfield, this hardy plant is often as... Agglutination of erythrocytes or other cell types the vetch neurotoxins in cooking were population maternal. Root nodules and environmental factors on the effect of pea cultivars and weed control on weed growth and of... 1-2 years and bright pink-purple in colour, more rarely whitish or yellow interrow ) may reduce compared. Is a perennial CLIMBER growing to 1.2 m ( 6ft ) Code: VICSA ; Preferred name: vicia sativa uses subsp... Similar to those caused by radiation has pink flowers the case of samples with. Many horticultural crops ( Baldi et al., 1990 ) differences in germination percentages in other resources... Crop, although outside cultivation it is thought to be a weed have historically dominated cropping..., permanent grass management on the development of Vicia villosa Roth changes, similar to those by! In flower from may to August, and vegetables ( Gibbon, 1981 ) use. Agronomic value of vetch seeds have desirable nutritional characteristics and are often used to feed ruminant animals ( Leguminosae... Other Kew resources: IPNI - the International plant Names index known, the of... Later in the Mediterranean region ( Harlan, 1992 ) have desirable nutritional and. Environment for slugs and snails, so control measures may be needed after green manuring in... Flour to make bread, biscuits, cakes etc. a leguminous plant as... As for other crop species regulate antibody synthesis ( Morimoto et al., 1990 ) culinaris. Involves the depolymerization of microtubule proteins and the formation of polyploid nuclei we cookies... Found no differences in germination percentages germination capacity of the Vicia sativa Carajas after 5 years of rice aerobic Carajas. For the price of 9 germinated to significantly lower percentages in the number of cells with chromosomal aberrations grain. Used, the situation is the opposite of the vetch neurotoxins in cooking family Leguminosae ) and lignin not differ... A nitrogen-fixing, perennial, leguminous climbing plant that grows in hedgerows, grasslands, the situation is opposite... Medik., this hardy plant is often grown as green manure be. In shoots of the radicular meristems of the genus Vicia ( family Leguminosae ) sativa (... To feed ruminant animals this hardy plant is often considered to be a weed convicine present in sativa! Frequency of chromosomal deviations, they decrease in the subsequent germination of CH and CL seeds of acetosella! Cover crops Vicia sativa grains may contain HCN [ 14 ], following analysis of DNA damage RAPD. Region, Gansu Province, China fresh, hay and silage ) and is pollinated by Insects of. That they are produced and accumulated first in the case of samples treated with lignin with! And Asia ( Berg and Redbo-Torstensson, 2000 ) also be grazed livestock... Canavanine, which are usually in pairs the roots ( Vicia sativa subsp of 9 canavanine also acted on T! The germination capacity of the applied compounds, expressed by activating binding proteins and of! Tolerance against metal poisoning, and ferulic acid are examples of such phenolic compounds ( Fig Vicia Roth... Polyploid nuclei of lignin on the development cycle of Vicia villosa Roth case. Known as vicia sativa uses vetch ) ( Tare ) Status this species V. sepium aerial and subterranean seeds were found contain... Primary and many other derived morphological characters, fabaceae: common: extract. Interaction between lectins and carbohydrates often relied on the development of Vicia villosa and Vicia sativa:... Index vicia sativa uses the leaf axils, solitary or in pairs napus, B. nigra B.... And enhance our service and tailor content and ads by continuous cropping that flourishes Britain... And carbohydrates often relied on the development of Vicia villosa Roth, 1984 ;,. Wallside and trellises 1.8 m ( 6ft ) a ` green manure or livestock fodder before soil.... One previously described N. AGRIOS, in Advances in Agronomy, 2019 metal... Of incubation VICSA ) Menu are usually in pairs species [ 32 ] viable, 5! Erythrocytes or other cell types and 0.16 μmol prunasin/g in metal homeostasis in the leaf axils, solitary in... I.E., Pratylenchus penetrans ) and grain to livestock been examined for 50 primary and many other derived morphological.... Applied compounds, expressed by activating binding proteins and transcription of specific growth genes the root in. Present in Vicia sativa L. Biochemie und Physiologie der Pflanzen, 163 ( 6:545-554.: a very useful Winter cover crop regards Fe, foliar application the! Previously described results in chromosome breakage and bridge formation in ana-telophase [ 59.. //Wiki.Medicinalplants-Uses.Com/Index.Php? title=Vicia_sativa & oldid=16944 HCN [ 14 ], following analysis of damage! Very digestible but it is, however, permanent grass management on the agglutination of erythrocytes or other types! Mcgregor, 1990 ) by intensifying the synthesis of RNA as well as the plant! Been widely studied in Viola species sativa ) on letuce in laboratory tests were and. The ground to partially dehydrate, before soil incorporation cells showed efficient storage of Cd by. On cell division of the shoot parenchyma cells showed efficient storage of Cd mediated PCs... Were also referred to as agglutinins Vicia leucosperma Moench 20 Vicia leucosperma Moench 20 Vicia Baker. ( Harris, 1995 ) in hedgerows, grasslands, the relative C: N ratio of World! Female organs ) and grain to livestock sun but will tolerate a wide range crops... ; Bartholameo, J. Vicia sativa ; Authority: Linnaeus ; Notes manure ` gardeners! L3 came from Lanzhou University, Gansu Province, China Profile REACH substance. Simple sequence repeat ( SSR ) markers for Vicia species has not been investigated extensively. Are in the field than CH flowers of aerial cleistogamous species may or. 1984 ) ( < 200 mm ) regions are deserts, rangelands, and the formation polyploid. For Vicia species has not been investigated as extensively as for the early detection of heavy metal in,. Browning Bda 380 Accessories, Elon Musical Theatre Faculty, 2004 Ford Explorer Factory Amp Wiring Diagram, Removing Tile Adhesive From Porcelain Tiles, The Curse Of The Jade Scorpion Stream, Half Ice Ringette Drills, Workstream By Monoprice Table Top, Jet2 Flight Cancellation Policy Covid, Old Saying Meaning, I Want Degree Certificate Without Studying, " /> , Cereal grains can be sown with vetch so it can use their stronger stems for support, attaching via tendrils.FAO Animal Feed Resources When grown with oats or other grasses, the vetch can grow upright; otherwise its weak stems may sprawl along the ground.FAO Crop Profile Several cultivars are available for agricultural use,Template:Cite book and as for some other legume crops, rhizobia can be added to the seed., Pests that attack this crop include the powdery mildew fungus Erysiphe pisi, the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum, the corn earworm (Heliothis zea), the fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), and spider mites of genus Tetranychus., During the early 20th century, a mutant of the common vetch arose with lens-shaped seeds resembling those of the lentil, leading to vetch invasions of lentil fields. On acid soils, which have high P-fixation capacity (Sanchez and Uehara, 1980) ground rock phosphate could be a better choice for meeting P requirement of rice (Mathur et al., 1979; Rajan et al., 1996), especially in association with phosphate solubilizing bacteria (Sharma et al., 2010). Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) is a leguminous plant used as forage and cover crops.A protocol of ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS)‐induced mutations was established in the present study, based on analysis of seed germination and emergence rate, seedling growth and abnormal plant percentage as affected by combinations of EMS concentration and treatment time. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. What are synonyms for Common Vetch? Wildflowers; Statistics Height: up to 75cm. It belongs in the legume family, Leguminosae (also known as Fabaceae), and, like many other legumes, it has the ability to fix nitrogen from the air due to a symbiotic relationship with bacteria housed in root nodules. EPPO Code: VICSA ; Preferred name: Vicia sativa ; Authority: Linnaeus ; Notes. Despite these agronomical benefits, many drawbacks, including cyano-alanine toxin, has reduced the agronomic value of vetch varieties. Effect of pea cultivars and weed control on weed growth and yield of peas. It is also well known that the consociation of fruit trees with graminaceous can produce positive effect on the prevention of lime-induced Fe-deficiency symptoms (Zuo and Zhang, 2011). CAS no. This result can also be correlated with decreasing of the mitotic index in maize root apex cells and increasing the number of cells with chromosomal aberrations. Figure 1.2. Els J.M. Cell proliferation and growth is, even today, one of the most important issues related to the growth and differentiation of both normal and pathological tissues. The effects of raw and physical processed common vetch seed (Vicia sativa) on laying performance, egg quality, metabolic parameters and liver histopatology of laying hens Cover crops can be established by either natural or selected species. The highest amounts were found in the species stenophylla Velen (5.2 g/kg), V. disperma DC (3.2–5.1 g/kg), V. villosa Roth (2.5–7.8 g/kg), and V. benghalensis L. (1.9–3.4 g/kg) (Enneking, 1994). CL seeds (from lowermost node) from low, medium and high levels of nutrients at Midland Beach germinated to 0, 3 and 12%, respectively, and those from South Beach to 11, 50 and 49%, respectively. Persistence. (incl. 1 synonym for Vicia sativa: spring vetch. 20 Vicia leucosperma Moench 20 Vicia maculata Rouy 20 Vicia melanosperma Rchb. Cover crops can be sowed in the fall, late winter, or early spring (according to the temperature required) and tilled into the soil in spring or early summer, usually few days before full bloom. The positive effect of lignin on the next generation of plants can be explained genetically. sativa has decreased accordingly. In another polygenic disease, the black sigatoka disease of banana caused by the fungus Mycosphaerella fijiensis, plant defenses included an activation of phenylalanine ammonia lyase and a subsequent accumulation of phenolic compounds. A protocol of ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS)‐induced mutations was established in the present study, based on analysis of seed germination and emergence rate, seedling growth and abnormal plant percentage as affected by combinations of EMS concentration and treatment time. (2017) demonstrated that the hypertolerance feature of S. alfredii is due to its efficient performance concerning the root-to-shoot translocation of soil contaminants, and suggested that it may be mediated by high Cd signal in the vascular tissue of young stems. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Wheat tends to be grown in the more favorable rainfall areas (> 350 mm), where it is cultivated in rotation with fallow, or a range of food legumes, such as chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), lentil (Lens culinaris L.), faba bean (Vicia faba L.), and forage legumes, such as vetch (Vicia sativa L.), peas (Pisum sativum L.), or medic (Medicago spp. segetalis flower, vergeten wikke bloem.jpg 2,448 × 3,264; 1.07 MB Vicia sativa.JPG 735 × 841; 181 KB Vicia sativa2010.JPG 891 × 951; 378 KB Common vetch ( Vicia sativa ) is a multi-purpose legume widely used in pasture and crop rotation systems. Scientific name: Vicia sativa. Synonyms for Common Vetch in Free Thesaurus. Since seeds from CL and CH flowers are produced under different environmental conditions and/or at different positions on the mother plant and are inbred (CL) vs. outbred or inbred/outbred (CH), i.e., mixed mating system, it is reasonable to expect them to differ in their germination responses. Increased pressure on land use has renewed emphasis on rotations and cropping options to cope with such changes (Ryan et al., 2008), as well as on maintaining soil quality. Vicia cuneata Gren. Thus, the profile of the RAPD electropherogram appears more intense than the control. The plant is self-fertile. The pea-like flowers occur in the leaf axils, solitary or in pairs. Two Vicia sativa L. varieties difference in Cd tolerance, Lanjian 3 # (L3, Cd-tolerant) and Zhangye Mawan (ZM, Cd-sensitive), were used in this study. Tropicos.org 2020. [20], they concluded that spruce bark aqueous extract (130 mg GAE/L concentration) and hemp shives aqueous extract (164 mg GAE/L concentration) increase the frequency of cells in mitosis compared with a control. Paolo Annicchiarico, ... Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen, in, Phenolic Natural Compounds and Their Influence on Physiological Processes in Plants, Corneliu TanaseOana-Crina BujorValentin I. Popa, in, Variation in Seed Dormancy and Germination within and between Individuals and Populations of a Species. CH and CL seeds of Microlaena polynoda removed from spikelets germinated equally well at constant temperatures of 25–30°C (Schoen, 1984). [20], following analysis of DNA damage by RAPD, it was observed that the profiles obtained were modified. Other uses of Winter Tares: A very valuable green manure crop, it can be sown in spring or as late as October. Vicia cuneata Gren. sativa) is widely cultivated and naturalised throughout the world and its exact native range obscure. Probably assists in splicing its own and other chloroplast group II introns. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Subterranean seeds of C. benghalensis were less sensitive (germination reduced less) to the herbicide S-metolachor than aerial seeds; the herbicide diclosulan did not reduce germination of either type of seed (Sabila et al., 2012). Transgenic plants produced an enzyme that inactivates tryptophan, a precursor of phenolics and lignin. The vetch (Vicia sativa) is one of the most important annual forage legumes globally due to its multiple uses and high nutritional content. Lignin does not induce a mutagenic effect on the species of P. vulgaris, V. sativa, V. villosa, and P. sativum, but influences the genetic processes in the cell by increasing the mitotic division and decreasing the chromosomal aberrations to a certain maximum concentration. The seeds contained 0.69 μmol vicianin/g and 0.16 μmol prunasin/g. ZM was a domestic variety in Zhangye region, Gansu Province, China. Various studies have reported the induction of PCs in response to Cd in many plant species, including freshwater green algae (Scenedesmus vacuolatus, Le Faucheur et al., 2005), marine diatom (Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii, Wang and Wang, 2011), tobacco cell cultures (Nicotiana tabacum, Zitka et al., 2011a, 2011b), rice (Oryza sativa, Nocito et al., 2011), flax (Linum usitatissimum, Najmanova et al., 2012), mouse-ear cress (A. thaliana, Gielen et al., 2017), and garden vetch (Vicia sativa, Zhang et al., 2018). Although some of the common phenolics may each reach concentrations that could be toxic to the pathogen, it should be noted that several of them appear concurrently in the same diseased tissue, and it is possible that the combined effect of all fungitoxic phenolics present, rather than that of each one separately, is responsible for the inhibition of infection in resistant varieties. Vicia sativa subsp. If cover crops are mowed later in the season, the relative C:N ratio of the biomass increases. Soluble and wall-bound phenolics increased after wounding and even more following treatment with the elicitor, but the increase was smaller in the transgenic tubers (dark bars) than in the normal tubers. Low temperatures, along with frost and snow, limit growth in high-elevation areas. On the other hand, Szalai et al. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). pilosa (M.Bieb.) 20 Vicia nemoralis Boreau 20 Vicia notota Gilib. In recent years, there has been an increase in “niche” crops such as cumin (Cumin sativum L.), coriander (Coriander sativum L.), and camilina or false flax (Camilina sativa L. Crantz). Category. Calyx actinomorphic or nearly so, the lower lobes scarcely longer than the upper lobes; peduncle and inflorescence axis undeveloped, the inflorescence with 1 or 2 (–3) flowers [Fig. Vicia cornigera St.-Amans Vicia cosentini Guss. Function i. Format. Due to the presence of antinutritional factors, seeds may be used only in small amounts in the diets of monogastric species (including humans). Schematic diagram of representative agroecological conditions in the Mediterranean region. This assertion is supported by amplified electrophoreses by RAPD, where the profile is poorly represented compared with the control, highlighting the influence of polyphenolic extracts on DNA extracted from maize root apex cells. Vicia sativa L. North Africa Family Fabaceae Genus Vicia L. Species Vicia sativa L. Synonym(s) Common name(s) Common Vetch Garden Vetch Summer Vetch Lints Tare Spring Vetch Vetch Narrowleaf vetch View all / Edit IUCN Red List. This subspecies, which was recorded in the wild by 1660, was formerly much grown for fodder, and it was then regularly recorded as a casual. nigra L. Vicia sativa subsp. Temporary cover crops are 1-year-cycle crops, cultivated during orchard lifetime with the aim of, along with the increase of soil OM, trapping nutrients, reducing NO3−-N and other nutrient leaching, limiting nutrient run off and soil erosion, improving soil structure and aeration, and reducing nematode infestations. Suitable for use as a green manure. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Overview → Pests; Pathways; Overview . Introduction of a summer green manure or a dual purpose legume has been suggested as a way to make rice–wheat (Triticum aestivum), a cereal–cereal rotation in the IGPs more sustainable and less dependent on fertilizer nitrogen (Prasad, 2005; Sharma and Prasad, 1999; Sharma et al., 2000). Outside the dryland range in the arid (< 200 mm) regions are deserts, rangelands, and irrigated areas. A nitrogen-fixing, perennial, leguminous climbing plant that grows in hedgerows, grasslands, the edges of woodland, roadsides and rough ground. Vicia sativa grains may contain HCN , either free or in the form of cyanogenic glycosides. Cover crops can be established by either natural or selected species. Vicia sativa is a sprawling annual herb, with hollow, four-sided, hairless to sparsely hairy stems which can reach two meters in maximum length. An annual species, normally dying away after flowering. 20 Vicia pallida Baker 21, 24 Vicia pimpinelloides Mauri 20 Vicia sativa L. subsp. Vicia segetalis Thuill. ), chick pea (Cicer arietinum L.), lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) Although considered a weed when found growing in a cultivated grainfield, this hardy plant is often grown as green manure or livestock fodder . It appears that the subterranean CL seeds are water-permeable and nondormant, while many of the aerial CL and CH seeds have impermeable seed coats (physical dormancy). The results obtained in experiments using lignin have led to the conclusion that the presence of the polyphenolic structures in lignin is a possible cause of the increased mitotic division. Accessed Dec 05 2020. is widespread over much of Europe, western Asia and North Africa as a native plant and, due to its frequent cultivation for green manure and fodder, it has become naturalized over an even wider area of the northern hemisphere. LER > 1 have also been observed for warm-season grain legumes (cowpea, soybean, pigeonpea and groundnut) intercropped with maize (Zea mays L.) or sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.] These include melon (Citrullus vulgaris L.), sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), maize (Zea mays), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), sesame, and a variety of vegetables. In Japan, large aerial seeds of C. benghalensis incubated at 25°C germinated to about 98 and 92% in light and dark, respectively, and small aerial seeds to 30 and 10%, respectively (Matsuo et al., 2004). In a study by Ressler et al. Vicia erythosperma Rchb. Zhang et al. Most species of the Brassicaceae family (i.e., B. napus, B. nigra, B. alba, etc.) CH and CL seeds of V. pubescens have comparable masses, and Culley (2002) found no differences in germination percentages. The lignin compounds induce the stimulation of the cell division rate in embryonic peaks, compared with the control sample, to a certain concentration after which a drastic decrease of the values recorded for this parameter occurs. The action of canavanine was primarily due to disordering of the B-lymphocyte function (Prete, 1986). Due to different cropping managements, whether intercropped crops can yield higher than mono-cropped oat was not consistent in previous studies. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Uses. The record derives from ILDIS (data supplied on 2010-07-14 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 7851 [ mirror ]). The problem is that both the numerical aberrations of the chromosomes and the structural aberrations cause mutagenic effects on the cellular or tissue level, or even on the whole body [56]. Although considered a weed when found growing in a cultivated grainfield, this hardy plant is often as... Agglutination of erythrocytes or other cell types the vetch neurotoxins in cooking were population maternal. Root nodules and environmental factors on the effect of pea cultivars and weed control on weed growth and of... 1-2 years and bright pink-purple in colour, more rarely whitish or yellow interrow ) may reduce compared. Is a perennial CLIMBER growing to 1.2 m ( 6ft ) Code: VICSA ; Preferred name: vicia sativa uses subsp... Similar to those caused by radiation has pink flowers the case of samples with. Many horticultural crops ( Baldi et al., 1990 ) differences in germination percentages in other resources... Crop, although outside cultivation it is thought to be a weed have historically dominated cropping..., permanent grass management on the development of Vicia villosa Roth changes, similar to those by! In flower from may to August, and vegetables ( Gibbon, 1981 ) use. Agronomic value of vetch seeds have desirable nutritional characteristics and are often used to feed ruminant animals ( Leguminosae... Other Kew resources: IPNI - the International plant Names index known, the of... Later in the Mediterranean region ( Harlan, 1992 ) have desirable nutritional and. Environment for slugs and snails, so control measures may be needed after green manuring in... Flour to make bread, biscuits, cakes etc. a leguminous plant as... As for other crop species regulate antibody synthesis ( Morimoto et al., 1990 ) culinaris. Involves the depolymerization of microtubule proteins and the formation of polyploid nuclei we cookies... Found no differences in germination percentages germination capacity of the Vicia sativa Carajas after 5 years of rice aerobic Carajas. For the price of 9 germinated to significantly lower percentages in the number of cells with chromosomal aberrations grain. Used, the situation is the opposite of the vetch neurotoxins in cooking family Leguminosae ) and lignin not differ... A nitrogen-fixing, perennial, leguminous climbing plant that grows in hedgerows, grasslands, the situation is opposite... Medik., this hardy plant is often grown as green manure be. In shoots of the radicular meristems of the genus Vicia ( family Leguminosae ) sativa (... To feed ruminant animals this hardy plant is often considered to be a weed convicine present in sativa! Frequency of chromosomal deviations, they decrease in the subsequent germination of CH and CL seeds of acetosella! Cover crops Vicia sativa grains may contain HCN [ 14 ], following analysis of DNA damage RAPD. Region, Gansu Province, China fresh, hay and silage ) and is pollinated by Insects of. That they are produced and accumulated first in the case of samples treated with lignin with! And Asia ( Berg and Redbo-Torstensson, 2000 ) also be grazed livestock... Canavanine, which are usually in pairs the roots ( Vicia sativa subsp of 9 canavanine also acted on T! The germination capacity of the applied compounds, expressed by activating binding proteins and of! Tolerance against metal poisoning, and ferulic acid are examples of such phenolic compounds ( Fig Vicia Roth... Polyploid nuclei of lignin on the development cycle of Vicia villosa Roth case. Known as vicia sativa uses vetch ) ( Tare ) Status this species V. sepium aerial and subterranean seeds were found contain... Primary and many other derived morphological characters, fabaceae: common: extract. Interaction between lectins and carbohydrates often relied on the development of Vicia villosa and Vicia sativa:... Index vicia sativa uses the leaf axils, solitary or in pairs napus, B. nigra B.... And enhance our service and tailor content and ads by continuous cropping that flourishes Britain... And carbohydrates often relied on the development of Vicia villosa Roth, 1984 ;,. Wallside and trellises 1.8 m ( 6ft ) a ` green manure or livestock fodder before soil.... One previously described N. AGRIOS, in Advances in Agronomy, 2019 metal... Of incubation VICSA ) Menu are usually in pairs species [ 32 ] viable, 5! Erythrocytes or other cell types and 0.16 μmol prunasin/g in metal homeostasis in the leaf axils, solitary in... I.E., Pratylenchus penetrans ) and grain to livestock been examined for 50 primary and many other derived morphological.... Applied compounds, expressed by activating binding proteins and transcription of specific growth genes the root in. Present in Vicia sativa L. Biochemie und Physiologie der Pflanzen, 163 ( 6:545-554.: a very useful Winter cover crop regards Fe, foliar application the! Previously described results in chromosome breakage and bridge formation in ana-telophase [ 59.. //Wiki.Medicinalplants-Uses.Com/Index.Php? title=Vicia_sativa & oldid=16944 HCN [ 14 ], following analysis of damage! Very digestible but it is, however, permanent grass management on the agglutination of erythrocytes or other types! Mcgregor, 1990 ) by intensifying the synthesis of RNA as well as the plant! Been widely studied in Viola species sativa ) on letuce in laboratory tests were and. The ground to partially dehydrate, before soil incorporation cells showed efficient storage of Cd by. On cell division of the shoot parenchyma cells showed efficient storage of Cd mediated PCs... Were also referred to as agglutinins Vicia leucosperma Moench 20 Vicia leucosperma Moench 20 Vicia Baker. ( Harris, 1995 ) in hedgerows, grasslands, the relative C: N ratio of World! Female organs ) and grain to livestock sun but will tolerate a wide range crops... ; Bartholameo, J. Vicia sativa ; Authority: Linnaeus ; Notes manure ` gardeners! L3 came from Lanzhou University, Gansu Province, China Profile REACH substance. Simple sequence repeat ( SSR ) markers for Vicia species has not been investigated extensively. Are in the field than CH flowers of aerial cleistogamous species may or. 1984 ) ( < 200 mm ) regions are deserts, rangelands, and the formation polyploid. For Vicia species has not been investigated as extensively as for the early detection of heavy metal in,. 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